case study THA Orthopedic surgery knee Total Knee Arthroplasty total hip arthroplasty Hip hip arthroscopy TKA knee arthroscopy

Arthroplasty: The Influence of Gender on TKA and THA

By PeekMed on April, 13 2017

Do age and gender really have any influence on Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) and Total Hip Arthroscopy (THA)? Debates have emerged on this topic and it seems that it is true.

Recently, a study about the influence of gender on 30-day outcomes after TKA and THA made by Darwin D. Chen, MD, and Jonathan Robinson, MD – researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York – was presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

The main purpose of this research was to assess the impact of gender on complications and find which of them can be prevented.

For this study, Total Hip Arthroplasty patients consisted of 45.1% male and 54.9% female. Total Knee Arthroplasty patients consisted of 36.7% male and 62.3% female.

Women have also had worse outcomes after these procedures, which might imply a need for gender-based implant designs.

The male gender, on the other hand, is an independent risk for post-operative sepsis, myocardial infarction and acute renal failure.

When surgeons advise their patients before surgery, gender should play a role in the discussion.

Why is Pre-Operative Planning so Important for Surgery?

The study made by these two researchers was the largest study to date that examined the impact of post-operative complications for both TKA and THA.

The successful outcomes in both types of surgery have resulted in a steady increase of these procedures over recent years, and they should increase up to 17% more in the next few years.

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