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A 3D computer assisted Orthopedic Surgery Planning approach based on planar radiography

January, 1 2015 1 minute read


Ana Isabel de Araújo Coelho


Victor Alves & João Pedro de Araújo Ribeiro

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The main goal of this work consisted in develop a system to perform the 3D reconstruction of bone models from radiographic images. This system can be then integrated with a commercial software that performs pre-operative planning of orthopedic surgeries. The benefit of performing this 3D reconstruction from planar radiography is that this modality has some advantages over other modalities that perform this reconstruction directly, like CT and MRI. To develop the system it was used radiographic images of the femur obtained from medical image databases online. It was also used a generic model of the femur available in the online repository BEL. This generic model completes the information missing in the radiographic images. It was developed two methods to perform the 3D reconstruction through the deformation of the generic model, one uses triangulation of extracted edge points and the other don't. The first method was not successful, the final model had very low thickness, possibly because the triangulation process was not performed correctly. With the second method it was obtained a 3D bone model of the femur aligned with the radiographic images of the patient and with the same size as the patient's bone. However, the obtained model still needs some adjustment to coincide fully with reality. To perform this is necessary to enhance the deformation step of the model so that it will have the same shape as the patient's bone. The second method is more advantageous because it doesn't need the parameters of the x-ray imaging system. However, it's necessary to enhance the step deformation of this method so that the final model matches patient's anatomy.

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