George Mihai Avram; Robert Prill; Cristian Dorin Gurau; Vlad Georgeanu; Bogdan Deleanu, Octav Russu, Roland Becker & Vlad Predescu
Hip arthroplasty; MAKO; Anterior-based muscle sparing & Acetabular cup
Purpose: The modified anterolateral approach (Röttinger) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) offers great advantages over conventional approaches, especially concerning early postoperative symptoms, which are mild and well tolerated by patients. Robotic-assisted implantation might facilitate rapid adoption of the modified anterolateral approach without exposing surgeons to risks encountered during the learning curve. This study posits that the use of robotic assistance in conjunction with the modified anterolateral approach for total hip arthroplasty (THA) can provide a substantial enhancement in the accuracy of cup placement in comparison to manual surgery. Methods: Thirty-two robotic-assisted THAs met the inclusion criteria and were matched to 32 conventional cases. Acetabular cup inclination, anteversion, limb-length discrepancy, and acetabular offset were assessed using certified planning software by two independent observers using pre- and postoperative anterior–posterior radiographs. Data was analyzed for normal distribution. Chi2 test was used to determine whether implanted acetabular cups that were within Lewinnek’s safe zones were influenced by type of implantation. Effect size estimates and statistical power analysis were also performed to appreciate the appropriateness of the chosen sample size. Results: Robotic-assisted implantation was found to significantly improve acetabular cup placement in terms of inclination (p < 0.001) but not anteversion (p = 0.783). Although mean postoperative limb-length discrepancy and mean acetabular offset did not differ between groups, a significantly smaller variance was found in the robotic-assisted group (p < 0.001) and (p = 0.04), respectively. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of consistently implanting the acetabular cup within the Lewinnek safe zones p = 0.641 for anteversion and p = 0.230 for inclination, respectively. Conclusions: Our results show that although robotic-assisted acetabular cup implantation performed through the modified anterolateral approach did not significantly differ from conventional implantation, it did offer increased accuracy in cup positioning, acetabular bone preservation, and limb-length restoration.