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Role of high tibial osteotomy in medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee: Indications, surgical technique and outcomes

December, 23 2021 1 minute read


Raghbir S. Khakha, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Kristian Kley, Ronald van Heerwaarden & Adrian J. Wilsona


Knee osteoarthritis, Joint preservation, High tibial osteotomy, Surgical technique, Outcomes

Published on

Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma


Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder worldwide. In particular, primary knee OA often presents with a varus malalignment. This increases the loads going through the medial compartment resulting in cartilage degeneration and symptomatic arthritis. High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is the workhorse surgical procedure for treating medial knee OA. When performed precisely in the hands of an experienced surgeon, HTO can delay or avoid knee arthroplasty. Of note, outcomes of knee arthroplasty are at best unpredictable in patients of younger age. Hence, there is a growing need for joint preservation procedures for younger patients presenting with knee OA, of which HTO is one. Through this article, the authors of whom all are joint preservation surgeons with a special interest in osteotomy hope to share from their experience as well as the available literature on the indications, perioperative planning, surgical technique, outcomes as well as pearls and pitfalls of HTO.

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