It is almost inevitable to consider that the rate of surgical site infections are strongly influenced by the operating room quality. The structural features of the facility and its systems along with the management and behavior of healthcare workers play a big role on the surgery’s success.
A study published online on September 2016, aimed to evaluate microbial contamination in the operating room during hip and knee replacement procedures, the performance of the operating room staff and the incidence of surgical site infections through post discharge observation.The hip and knee replacement are common procedures on the end-stage joint deterioration.
The incidence of surgical site infections were evaluated in 255 patients, and follow-up examinations were carried out 30 and 365 days after the procedure. This study, led by the Medical Research Council showed a connection between microbial air contamination and the incidence of surgical site infections in the prosthetic joint surgery.
After primary total knee arthroplasty, the infection rates reported in literature range from 0.39% to 2.5%, and for primary procedures the total hip infection rates were reported approximately 0.2% to 2.2%.
The consequences for the patient, such as infections, have a massive economic impact on the treating hospital. Surgeons have the duty to assure the safest environment to their patients and follow the latest trends in the field, which might help them improve the patient-doctor communication.