Released data from the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that up to 25% of people will suffer from physical disability reserved to the bone and joint problems until 2050. The conditions of patients with this type of adversities could be improved by increasing positive self-efficacy to medical treatment in order to implement self-efficacy for functional ability (SEFA) and physical functional ability self-care. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of social support on SEFA in patients after total hip arthroplasty.
Degenerative hip disease is one of the most common forms of hip discomfort. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that bone and joint diseases may result in physical disability in nearly 25% of the population until 2050. Degenerative osteoarthritis can be diagnosed via physical examination in almost 80% of patients older than 55-65 years and 20% of these patients seem to already have a disability. Searches conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the USA, the number of patients with osteoarthritis will double in the population over 65 years of age by 2030.
Degenerative osteoarthritis often results in pain and limitation of daily activity that is leading causes requiring medical assistance. In patients who are refractory to conservative treatment, a total hip replacement is usually indicated. The functional outcome varies according to preoperative characteristics, such as age, comorbidities and activity level. In addition to surgical technique, postoperative rehabilitation, activity adjustment, and surgical technique, postoperative rehabilitation, activity adjustment, and posture limitation are also important for better functional recovery.
A cross-sectional study used structural questionnaires, telephone appointments, and data collection to obtain patient characteristics, such as gender, age, educational level, and marital status. Collection of patients characteristics such as gender, age, educational level and marital status. Self-efficacy for functional ability (SEFA) and social support questionnaires were completed by the patients 3 months following total hip arthroplasty.
Social support is the key factor related to the daily activity of geriatric patients. Interventions to increase social support in critical patients can improve chronic stress and physical disability. Social support also has positive effects on health status and behavior and can enhance execution of healthy behaviors, such as taking medicine on time, engaging in regular exercise, and diet control.
On patients with hip fractures, a significant relationship was also identified between social support and lower limb functional activity, especially when supported by their spouse and family. Social support is usually provided by the patient’s family members who live with them.